Dua (supplication) means to ask your Creator for the fulfilment of a particular need. Dua is an important part of our faith and belief.
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Ad Dhaariyat:
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship me. (Al Quran; Chapter 66: Verse 11)
In a Sahih hadith from Sunan At-Tirmidhi, An-Nu’man ibn Basheer reported: I heard the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, say, “Supplication is worship.” Then the Prophet recited the verse, “Your Lord says: Call upon Me and I will respond to you. Verily, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell in humiliation.” (Al Quran; Chapter 40: Verse 60)
Dua is a direct link between us and our Rabb (Creator). Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Nothing is more honorable (most liked) before Allah (SWT) than Supplication.” (At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim)
By making Dua, we are rewarded even if our Dua is not fulfilled right away. We are rewarded just because we have obeyed Allah’s (SWT) command. Dua is the only act that can alter divine decree (Qadr). Dua can also change and remove current calamity or misfortune affecting a person. No person should give up hope on Allah’s (SWT) ability to change his/her situation, no one should ever despair in Allah’s (SWT) mercy.
ETIQUETTE OF MAKING DUA
Start your Supplication by Praising Allah (hamd)
From an authentic hadith, we know that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, ‘When any one of you prays, let him begin by praising his Lord, then let him send blessings on the Prophet (SAW), then let him pray for whatever he wants after that.’ (At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood). Starting your supplication by glorifying Allah (SWT) brings you closer to your Creator, the one who is worthy of all praise and worship.
Call Allah (SWT) by His Most Beautiful Names, and Superior Attributes
Allah (SWT) has more than 99 names, and each describes His perfection, so be sure to memorize and use them during your supplications to Him.
‘And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them’ (Al Quran; Chapter 7: Verse 180)
Send Blessings on His Prophet (ﷺ)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, ‘Every dua is kept back until you send blessings upon the Prophet (SAW).’ (At-Tabaraani).
Be Humble, and Have Faith in Allah (SWT)
We should show humility when we supplicate, with hope and fear in our hearts. We should accept our weaknesses and recognize our need for Allah (SWT). While making Dua, we should have firm faith that we are asking from Allah (SWT) alone, the All-Powerful – and He is the only one who can fulfil every need of ours. We should have conviction that success is only from Allah and not from any human source.
Sincerity towards Allah (SWT)
Sincerity (ikhlas) is a condition of worship and a condition of our duas being accepted. Allah (SWT) says in Surah Al Ghafir,
‘Call upon Me; I will respond to you.’ (Al Quran; Chapter 40: Verse 60)
Raise Your Hands and Face the Qiblah when making Dua
Though it is not compulsory, the Prophet (ﷺ) on certain occasions of extreme need, turned his face to the qiblah and raised his hands when making Dua. Umar ibn al-Khataab (RA) said: On the day of Badr, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) looked at the mushrikeen, who were one thousand strong, and his companions numbered three hundred and nineteen. Then the Prophet of Allah (ﷺ) turned to face the qiblah, then he stretched forth his hands and started to cry out to his Lord: “O Allah, grant me what You have promised me, O Allah, give me what You have promised me. O Allah, if this small band of Muslims perishes, You will not be worshipped on earth.” He kept on crying out to his Lord, stretching forth his hands, facing towards the qiblah, until his cloak fell from his shoulders… (Sahih Muslim)
Make Wudu (Ablution) Before making Dua
This is also not compulsory, but a recommended practice of our beloved Prophet (ﷺ).
Make Dua All the Time – Remember Allah in Good and Bad Times
The Prophet (ﷺ) said ‘Whosoever is pleased to have Allah answer him in adversity and distress should offer many supplications when in prosperity.’ (At-Tirmidhi)
Ask Allah for All Matters Great and Small
As Muslims, we are supposed to ask Allah for everything. This is something many people are neglectful of. Aisha (RA) said ‘Ask Allah even for the strap of your sandal, for indeed if Allah does not facilitate it, it will not be a simple thing.’
Must Not Express Disappointment if We Feel our Dua is Not Answered Right Away
We must always maintain a positive supposition of Allah (SWT), even if our supplications are not answered right away. Allah is the All-Seeing and All-Hearing, and He wants the best for His sincere worshippers. It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (RA) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There is no Muslim who calls upon Allah with words in which there is no sin or severing of family ties but Allah will give him one of three things: either He will answer his prayer soon, or He will store it up for him in the Hereafter, or He will remove something bad from him that is equivalent to what he is asking for.” They said, “Then we should make a great amount of du’aa’.” He said, “Allah is greater.” (At-Tirmidhi)
Keep Voices Soft and Not be Loud
It is good to keep our Duas private and silent. We should invoke Allah softly as it is respectful in tone.
Admit Sins to Allah
Even though Allah is aware of all our actions, we must confess our sins and admit our mistakes and short-comings with regret. Acknowledging our sins and favours of Allah (SWT) upon us allows us to humble ourselves – a state which is necessary for supplication.
Crying while Making Dua
We may cry out of the fear of Allah (SWT), regret for the sins we have committed and fear that we may be held accountable for them. Allah (SWT) has given us tears, so we can seek His forgiveness.
Ensure that Food and Clothing are Halal
Ibn Rajab (RA) said: Ensuring that one’s food, drink and clothing are halal, and that one is nourished with halal, is a means of having one’s Dua answered.
Make Dua for other Believers
It is narrated from Abu Darda that the Prophet (SAW) said, ‘The Dua of a person for his Muslim brother in his absence will be answered. At his head there is an angel, and every time he prays for him for something good, the angel who has been appointed to be with him, says, ‘Ameen, may you have likewise.’ (Sahih Muslim, Ibn Majah)
Seek the Special Times and Places when our Prayers are most likely to be Answered
There are many times and places where Dua is answered. Some of these include Laylat al-Qadar, Dua in the depths of the night, following the prescribed prayers, between the adhaan and the iqaamah, during rainfall, whilst drinking ZamZam water, whilst prostrating, when you are sick or travelling.
Not make Dua against Ourselves, our Family, Wealth and Children
Family and children are one among biggest blessing of Allah (SWT). There are many who make Dua to have family and children in their life. These are favours of Allah upon us, and we must not be ungrateful for the blessings Allah has given us.
These are a few basic etiquettes of making Dua. The most important aspect of Dua; however, is intention. Without sincere intention, even the most seemingly holiest of actions may not measure up in front of Allah (SWT). The etiquettes mentioned about are only there to make sure that our Duas are in the best form. Definitely Allah is the All-Seer, All-Hearing, All-Knowing and All-Wise.
“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright” (Al Quran; Chapter 2: Verse 186)
About the Author:
Irum Irshad Favaz is a home-maker turned entrepreneur from India who loves multi-tasking and is very passionate about Islam. Mother of a toddler, her family and in-laws have always been pillars of support. She wishes to be the best form of sadqa-e-jaria for her parents and truly believes that Allah is the best of planner.